Take it from a Chemist: Cardio Before or After a Workout? (Part 2 – The Pros and Cons!)

So In last week’s post we learned all about how your body converts and uses energy. If you haven’t given it a read, you can find it here: Take it from a Chemist: Cardio Before or After a Workout? (Part 1 – The Science!)

In this week’s installment let’s actually take a look at how this energy usage is advantageous or detrimental to your workout plan.

As a refresher from last week, two things to remember:

Cardio Before a Workout – Energy System Used: Aerobic

Cardio After a Workout – Energy System Used: Anaerobic (Glycogen-Lactic Acid)

Cardio BEFORE

Cardio before a workout is great because it gives you the opportunity to burn more calories overall by beginning your workout with an elevated heart rate. This in turn increases your internal temperature and elevates the metabolic demands placed on your body. The downside is that you’ll most likely be more tired after doing the aforementioned cardio and won’t have as much energy to use on weight training.

cardio

Cardio AFTER

Since the aerobic system is much more efficient when it comes to making ATP (i.e. energy), weight training first is great because it allows you to get to the fat burning portion of the workout faster than if you had done cardio first. By weight training first, you will deplete the majority of your glycogen and then after all the glycogen is depleted, the subsequent cardio will result in a much higher percentage of fat being burned.

(If you want to know more – Check this out: The University of Tokyo published a study in the journal of Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise that found that doing cardio after weight training burned more fat during the first 15 minutes of the cardio session than doing cardio before lifting.)

weight

So Which is Better?

By doing cardio first we are using the aerobic system to burn energy and eventually burn fat. In the aerobic system we need to burn up 32 energy “pieces” (ATPs) before we ever get to burn fat for energy. You’ll eventually get there, BUT it will take a little longer.

By doing resistance training first we are using the glycogen-lactic acid system to burn energy and eventually burn fat. NOW you only need to burn up 3 energy “pieces” (ATPs) before we get to that fat energy. Sounds more efficient huh??

The-Importance-of-Mixing-Both-Cardio-and-Weight-Training-Routines-2

 

Annnnnddd Just for funsies.. Here’s another bit of information for you:

EPOC

After a workout, your body continues to burn additional calories up to 48 hours. This is known as excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (or in other words – EPOC). EPOC occurs because your body needs energy to repair your muscles after you’ve challenged them. It occurs at a much higher rate after intense weight-training THAN after low-intensity, steady-state cardiovascular training. This is why it’s important to give it your all during weight training AND if you do steady-state cardio before you lift, you won’t necessarily have the energy to do that. A less productive weight-training session can create a less productive EPOC burn. Which means less calories burned overall. (Want to know more about EPOC? Check Out: Fitness Myths #6 – Need Cardio For Fat Loss)

after-burn-effect

3 thoughts

  1. this is very helpful i always wondered about this. so is the consenus, cardio after?

    also how do you feel about circuit training… treadmill , weight training , bike , weight training , elipitical , weight training.. etc etc..

    1. If you’re goal is to burn fat then definitely lift first and do cardio second. When it comes to circuit training it’s actually a very efficient way to get ripped. The benefits of circuit training are endless: less overall time in the gym, can actually be performed anywhere, is a total body workout, and incinerates fat. It has also been suggested that circuit training increases your overall level of growth hormone, which again leads to an even greater fat loss.

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